What is plagiarism?


It means copying another person’s ideas, words, and works and pretending that they are your own. This is considered an intellectually dishonest and highly professional act. It could in instances result from ignorance rather than the intent to duplicate other’s work. . For example in hurry to meet

the deadline, we may overlook to cite the sources from which we have taken the information. however, where the intention of the writer is. is, plagiarism is a publishable offense. A technical writer, therefore, has to be aware of the rules for citing direct quotes and knowledge of all the sources referred to while developing the document.

Plagiarism includes the theft of unwritten ideas or concepts and the written texts, notes, computer programs, designs, and other such things, etc .it is intellectual theft, paraphrasing another person’s text by replacing a few words with synonyms or interchanging some sentences is also plagiarism. Even reproducing any other’s reasoning or analysis in your own words is still plagiarism. if you do not add the content of your own, in doing so, you create the impression that you have invented the argumentations yourself while the case is otherwise.

Examples of plagiarism:

These are some examples of plagiarism:

A student borrows an essay from his friend to get some ideas for his own paper.  With the permission of his friend, he copies some parts of it. However, he takes care to cite all the sources his friend has included in his essay. A student derives some important ideas from a book of his paper.  since the student neither quotes anything directly from this book nor provides any footnotes.

A student finds useful information on a website that is not under copyright. he downloads and incorporates some parts of this website into his paper.   But he does not cite it since it is in the public domain.

All these are examples of plagiarism.

Types of plagiarism :

Plagiarism is of two types:

  1. Sources not cited or referred:

The ghostwriter:

The writer turns in another’s work, word for word, as his own.

The photocopy :

The writer photocopies some of the important parts or ideas of text straight from a single source without making any other changes.

The potluck paper: 

The person or the writer tries to hide plagiarism by copying from several different sources and changing the sentences to adjust them together while retaining most of the original words or phrases.

The poor disguise:

Although the writer has retained the essential contents of the sources consulted, he has altered

the labor of laziness:

the writer takes time to paraphrase most of the paper from other sources and makes it all fit together, instead of spending the same effort on the original work.

the self-stealer:

the writer borrows generously from his previous work, violating the policies concerning the expectations of originality adopted by most academic institutions.

2. sources cited but still plagiarised:

the forgotten footnote:

the writer mentions an author’s name as a source but neglects to include specific

information location of the material referenced.

the misinformer:

the writer gives inaccurate information regarding the sources, making it impossible to find them.

the too-perfect paraphrase:

the writer properly cites a source but neglects to put quotation marks to show the text that has been copied word-for-word.

how to avoid plagiarism?

plagiarism may be avoided if you follow the steps given below:

  1. when you print material on the internet

, always make sure that you get the full source so that you cite it later. if you use note cards while reading books and journal articles, list the full source including the page number on the passage that you copy.

2. do not misinterpret, pretend or claim that ideas are yours when actually they are not yours.

when you use words use quotation marks and cite the source.

when you copy material, say, three paragraphs, from an original source, indicate at the end of the third paragraph with a footnote that the material was borrowed.

Tips to avoid accidental plagiarism in text:

If you feel that you cannot properly paraphrase another author’s work, you can quote the author’s work verbatim. However, these words must be enclosed in quotation marks.

If you’re paraphrasing or summarizing another author, you don’t need quotation marks, but you should make sure that you’re really restating the paragraph in your own words while retaining the original meaning. Even changing a few words here and there in the original paragraph is considered plagiarism.

Why is it necessary to avoid plagiarism?

if you want to rank your website or blog you should avoid it. your content should be unique and informative. It jeopardizes your integrity. Not only will you lose the respect of your mentors and colleagues, but you may also lose valuable professional recommendations and future career advancement. If you are still in school, plagiarism can cost you financial support and leadership roles.

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