What Are Nasal Polyps?



In simple words, nasal polyps are unhealthy sinus tissues that form in the nasal cavity, according to Jean Kim, MD Ph.D. as the associate professor in otolaryngology and adolescent medicine at Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore. “By “unhealthy,” I’m referring to a state of inflammation, cells, and tissues acting out poorly,” Dr. Kim declares.


They are soft, non-injurious benign growths found in the linings of nasal passages, or sinuses. They typically develop in clusters and then are able to hang down in the shape of a teardrop, or tiny grape. What Are Nasal Polyps?

Signs and Symptoms of Nasal Polyps

What Are Nasal Polyps?
What Are Nasal Polyps?

The signs of nasal polyps may be significant and impact the quality of life, according to Kim. “One among the more frequent symptoms is the feeling of nasal congestion and congestion,” she says.

A runny nose, a decrease in smell, or sleep issues are just a few other symptoms that are common.

A headache or facial pain loss of taste and pain on the top teeth, excessive snoring, and frequent nosebleeds could be signs of nasal polyps.

Causes and Risk Factors of Nasal Polyps

The nasal lining and sinuses, also known as chronic rhinosinusitis, can be related to nasal polyps however, it’s not entirely specific what causes the problem, Kim. Kim. “The membranes are inflamed, which may cause swelling, redness, or accumulation of fluid. The process can last for a lengthy period or repeat repeatedly,” she says.

The tissue samples from nasal polyps have led experts to conclude they could be the cause of allergy and infections are the cause of inflammation. The samples were enriched with Eosinophils, white blood cells associated with infections as well as reactions to allergies. The inflammation that results causes tiny bumps of fluid that transform into polyps.

Genetics There’s evidence suggesting that genes can influence the probability that someone may develop nasal polyps Kim says. Kim.

What Are Nasal Polyps?
What Are Nasal Polyps?


The causes of asthma and allergy

“In America, in the United States, the greatest risk for developing a health condition like asthma or allergies, or eczema and people with these conditions are more likely to be at a higher risk of developing nasal polyps” Kim says. Kim.

Other possible risk factors for nasal polyps comprise these:

Aspirine sensitivity

Allergic fungal sinusitis

Cystic Fibrosis

Churg Strauss Syndrome

Vitamin D deficiencies


How Are Nasal Polyps Diagnosed?

Following a thorough medical history and physical examination, Your doctor will look at your nose with an otoscope. It’s a basic instrument that is lighted. In some instances, it is possible to identify your polyps, however, not all of the time.


The tests for nasal polyps include:

Nasal Endoscopy

In this method, a lengthy, flexible tube with a bright one at the end is inserted through the nose. This permits the doctor to get an extensive view of your nose’s inner as well as your sinuses.

an MRI If necessary If needed, an scan using an MRI scan could provide more details to aid a physician in making -or excluding the diagnosis that nasal polyps are the cause.

Tests for allergy allergies can increase the possibility of nasal polyps.

Prognosis of Nasal Polyps

The outlook for nasal polyps is a bit different from one case to the next Kim says. Kim. The chance that polyps may return after treatment could be contingent on the cause that could have led to the polyps first in the first place. It also depends on the frequency with which a person who suffers from polyps utilizes prescribed treatments and follows suggested self-care procedures.

While they can affect the quality of life and cause breathing difficulties, there’s not any evidence to suggest that nasal polyps raise the risk of death.

Duration of Nasal Polyps

“As we are aware we don’t have an agent that can remove nasal polyps out forever,” says Kim. If you discover a drug that can help reduce nasal polyps you’ll have to stay on the medication or they’ll come back according to Kim.

Treatment and Medication Options for Nasal Polyps

Steroids, biological drugs, and surgeries are among the possibilities for treatment for nasal polyps. In some instances, nutritional supplements can ease the symptoms of polyps.

Medication Options

Treatment of nasal polyps usually begins with drug treatment.

Nasal corticosteroids If the polyps are small and small, they could be treated using nasal steroids, according to Kim. Nasal steroids are:

Fluticasone nasal (Flonase Allergy Relief, Xhance)

Budesonide nasal (Rhinocort)

Mometasone nasal (Nasonex)

Triamcinolone nasal (Nasacort Allergy 24HR)

Beclomethasone nasal (Beconase AQ, Qnasl)

Ciclesonide nasal (Omnaris, Zetonna)

Antihistamines and antibiotics

If you suffer from allergies or persistent or recurrent infections that seem as causing inflammation of your sinuses, and nasal passages, or nasal passages the doctor could recommend the use of antihistamines and antibiotics in order to address the root causes.

In sensitization to aspirin Certain people suffering from nasal polyps experience aspirin sensitivity and might benefit from aspirin desensitization with very small amounts of aspirin administered, and then gradually increased until the patient is able to take the doses.

Surgical Options

For those whose symptoms can’t be managed with medication Surgery is an alternative. Surgery isn’t the only solution for you: The rates of relapse and repeated interventions are extremely high.


In the cases of the most severe surgical intervention and aggressive medical treatment, such as steroids and biologics through Nasal irrigation is possible to treat polyps, Kim says. Kim.

Alternative and Complementary Therapies

While there’s no particular diet that has been proven to reduce or treat nasal polyps, However, there exist supplements that could aid in reducing inflammation which could assist in reducing the symptoms of polyps.


Bromelain some evidence suggesting that bromelain an enzyme extracted from pineapples can help to reduce swelling and inflammation as well as reduce the symptoms associated with sinusitis. Bromelain could increase the risk of bleeding which is why people taking blood thinners are advised not to do so without consulting their physician first. Bromelain taken in conjunction with the ACE inhibitor can result in a drop in blood pressure.


is a flavonoid that has been proven to block the release and production of histamine in laboratory studies. Histamine can cause allergic symptoms like running nose and eyes that are watery. The plants it has been able to help by thinning the mucus and assisting the sinuses to drain, which could alleviate some symptoms of sinusitis.

A 2020 overview of existing research and literature on different alternatives and complementary treatments for chronic rhinosinusitis and rhinosinusitis accompanied by nasal polyps with studies that included baby shampoo honey, honey, capsaicin therapeutic ultrasonography phototherapy, phonophoresis, and Acupuncture were studied.

Prevention of Nasal Polyps

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Complications of Nasal Polyps

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{Asthma|asthma|Athma-related} flare-ups

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