Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts

Candlestick charts:

Candlestick charts were developed in Japan more than 100 years before the West created charts with bar and Point-and-Figure charts. In the early 1700s 1700s, a Japanese man called Homma realized that while there was a correlation between the price and the demand and the demand in rice the market was highly dependent on the trading sentiments of the traders.1

Candlesticks convey emotions by visualizing the number of price changes by using various shades. Candlesticks are used by traders to take trading decisions based on regular patterns that help to predict the future shorter-term direction of price. Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts

Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts

Candlestick Components

Similar to a bar chart, candlesticks are similar to bar charts. daily candlestick will show the open and close prices, as well as the high, low, and closing prices for that day. The candlestick is a long portion, known as”the “real body.”

This body in real life represents the price range that exists between the opening and closing of that day’s trading. If the body’s real representation is black or filled with black, it indicates that the close was less than the open. If the actual body is empty, that indicates that the close was higher than the open. Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts

Candlestick and. Bar Charts

Just between and beneath the actual body is just above and below the real body are ” shadows” or “wicks.” The shadows indicate how much the candle traded at high and low prices of the day’s trading. If the shadow of the upper part of a candle that is down is too short, it suggests that the day’s opening was not far from the highest point of the day.

A shorter upper shadow during an up day suggests that the close was in the vicinity of the top. The relation between days of open, high, low, and closing determines the appearance of the daily candlestick. Real bodies may be either short or long and white or black. Shadows may be either short or long.

bar charts and chart charts with candles provide the same data but in a different manner. Candlestick charts are more visually appealing because of the color-coding of price bars and larger bodies that are more effective in highlighting the distinction between opening and closing.

Basic Candlestick Patterns

Candlesticks are formed by the up and downward movements of the price. Although price movements can appear random, times they are able to form patterns that traders employ to study or trade. There are a variety of candlestick patterns. Here’s a sample to help you get going.

Patterns are classified in patterns that are bullish and bearish patterns. The patterns that indicate bullishness suggest prices are expected to increase, whereas bearish patterns suggest it is expected to decline. The pattern may not work every time, since candlestick patterns indicate trends in price movements and are not a guarantee.

Bearish Engulfing Pattern

Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts

A bearish engulfing pattern is formed during an uptrend, where sellers are more dominant than buyers. This is evident in the long real body in red that is engulfing a small green body. The pattern is a sign that the sellers are now on top and that the price may be expected to continue falling. Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts

Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts

Bullish Engulfing Pattern

An engulfing form on the side of bulls in the market occurs when buyers are outpacing sellers. This can be seen in the chart with a long green real body that is engulfing a smaller red body. As bulls have established some control, prices could move higher.

Bearish Evening Star

A night star can be described as a pattern that can be topped. It can be identified by the candle that is the final one in the pattern that is located just below the previous day’s tiny real body. The body’s small size could be green or red. The candle that is closing last goes deep into the actual candle’s body two days before. The pattern indicates an ebb of buyers and then sellers taking over. Selling could increase.

Bearish Harami

A bearish harami is a tiny actual body (red) entirely inside the body of the previous day. This isn’t really an indication of a pattern that you can act upon however it is an interesting one to observe. The pattern suggests indecision on the part of buyers. If the price rises following the pattern, everything could be in order with the upward trend, however, a down candle following this pattern suggests an additional downward slide.

Bullish Harami

The bullish Harami is the reverse of the bearish harami which is upside down. There is a downtrend in place, and a small real body (green) appears within the larger physical body (red) from earlier in the day. This indicates to the trader that the trend has halted. 

Bearish Harami Cross

A bearish harami crossover occurs in an uptrend. one candle that is up will follow the Doji–the period in which the candlestick has an identical close and close. The Doji is part of the actual part of the previous session.

Bullish Harami Cross

A bullish harami cross happens in a downtrend. the down candle follows a “Doji. The Doji is located within the actual part of the session prior to it. The implications are similar to the bullish Harami.

Let’s examine a few other patterns that are available that are black and white that are popular colors used for candlestick charts.

This pattern begins with what’s known as the “long white day.” On the third, second, and fourth sessions of trading, tiny real bodies lower the price however they remain within the interval that was the price of the white long day (day one of this pattern). The fifth and final date of this pattern is also a lengthy white day.

Although the pattern tells us that prices have been dropping for three consecutive days the possibility of a new low isn’t observed, and the bull traders are preparing for the next price move.

A slight deviation from this pattern is that the second day is slack a little after the first up day. The rest of the pattern is exactly the same, it’s just a bit different. When this variation is seen in the pattern, it’s known as a “bullish mat hold. “bullish mat hold.”


The pattern begins with a solid down day. Then, there are three smaller real bodies that move upwards but remain within the limits of the initial big down day. The pattern is completed when the fifth day has another major downward movement. It indicates that sellers are in control and the price may be pushed lower.

The Bottom Line 

Like Japanese rice traders found centuries ago, the emotions of investors regarding the trading of an asset can have a significant influence on the movement of the asset. Candlesticks can help traders gauge the sentiments surrounding a particular asset or stock and help them make better forecasts about the direction that a stock could be heading. Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts


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