Overbite vs Underbite


 Causes, Risks, and Treatment Options:

Two-thirds of the U.S. population has a malocclusion with clinical significance that requires medical treatment.

Most bite-related problems begin in the first years of childhood and it’s recommended to treat the bites prior. This article will go over the overbite vs. underbite and offer a glimpse of treatment options. Overbite vs Underbite

Underbite or Overbite. Underbite What is the difference?

The distinction between the term “overbite” and underbite is in the jawbones with which they interact. The first one is the result of a protruding maxilla, which is also known by the name of the upper jaw bone. The other is characterized by the jaw being extended (mandible).

Overbite vs Underbite
Overbite vs Underbite

What is an Overbite?

It is typical for your teeth’s upper teeth to extend over the lower teeth in small amounts, but there are instances when an excess overlap can cause an overbite.

Your bite may be described as an overbite when your top teeth extend from 4 millimeters to 10 millimeters higher than the lower teeth. Certain orthodontists categorize your bite as having an overbite whenever they extend over 2 millimeters above your lower teeth.

Overbites can result from numerous issues. Genetics plays a major influence on how your teeth align. It can be caused by injuries to your jaws, mouth, and crowns that aren’t placed properly as well as gum diseases.

Overbites are a common occurrence in children and adults too. In fact, they are the most commonly encountered bite and alignment problems all over the world. During your regular de

The majority of people have teeth that cross and only a small percentage of people are in a position to keep a straight bite. The overlap is considered to be a medical problem when it’s over 3 millimeters

What is an underbite?

An underbite malocclusion occurs when your lower teeth push away from the upper ones, which results in an imbalanced bite. The slight overlap between the teeth on the upper and lower teeth could be normal and is not something to worry about, but, any type of underbite should be treated with care and taken care of as quickly as possible.

What is the cause of Malocclusion?

Many causes could cause issues with the alignment of jaws upper and upper jaws due to a range of causes. The most frequent reason is an unnatural variation in the size of the jawbones, causing one to grow larger and expand outwards from the other.

The problem of misalignment can also occur when your teeth appear to be too big to fit in the jaws, resulting in the impression of protruding. Teeth that are not straight or overcrowded may cause malocclusion too.

In addition to the jaw and its size, teeth malocclusion can also be a consequence of childhood behavior, genetics and improperly fitted orthodontic appliances (crowns braces, and retainers), and severe injuries

Childhood habits that lead to unbalanced bites could include thumb-sucking and nail-biting. The late bottle feeding (beyond babies’ age), and pacifier use in the last three months

A jawbone tumor or mouth tumor can cause an overbite or underbite.

There’s another type of malocclusion known by the term “crossbite. It is a condition that occurs when the front teeth of the lower jaw and the teeth behind are set within those lower ones. Genetics is the main cause of crossbites.

Treatment Options

There are many treatment options available to children, teenagers, and adults with overbites or underbites. The best treatment for you will be determined by the severity of bite time of the bite, and other aspects the experienced and knowledgeable orthodontist dentist will be able to decide.

Overbite Treatments

There are many techniques used by orthodontists to treat bites that may be employed, such as:

    • Braces
    • Surgery
    • Therapy using a bandage.


Braces have become one of the well-known methods to correct overbite problems. There’s a choice of braces made from metal and ceramic braces to treat overbite. Ceramic braces are transparent in appearance, making them more discrete when smiling as opposed to braces made of metal.

Overbite vs Underbite
Overbite vs Underbite

Braces come with brackets that provide continuous and constant pressure, slowly pushing the teeth towards straightening and correctly aligning on the jawbone.

It could be necessary to wear braces for the entire year or even for a period of three months to get the best results. Patients who have more severe overbite require braces for a longer period of time.


If the problem is severe, the condition will require more extensive treatments and jaw surgery might be the best option. The treatment for overbite is a fantastic solution in the event of malocclusion, which has jawbones that aren’t properly aligned.

Splint Therapy

A splint is a piece of equipment that is placed on top of the lower teeth in order to move the mandible forward direction, by decreasing the gap between the upper row and the lower rows. The type of splint which is used to treat overbite is known as Repositioning or Repositioning the splint and it is also used for reverse mandibular repositioning. Overbite vs Underbite

Splint therapy is an immediate treatment option that your dentist might recommend prior to proceeding to more comprehensive treatment.

Underbite Treatments

Certain methods for treating underbites have similarities to those used to treat overbites like braces and jaw surgery. There are alternatives that are specifically designed to treat severe underbite problems, like the removal from teeth and devices such as the reverse-pull mask used for facial smudges and the jaw expander for upper teeth.


Similar to overbites, braces are used to be able to align and straighten teeth in the jawbone’s lower part. The braces apply pressure to the teeth that protrude out to bring them to return into alignment with the upper teeth. Overbite vs Underbite

Underbite braces are a range of types of braces like traditional braces which feature metal brackets that are individually connected to each tooth. They also have flexible braces that are not visible and ceramic braces that are an appearance that is transparent.

Reverse Pull Face Mask

If the jaw of the lower part grows faster than the upper jaw, severe instances of underbite could be observed. A reverse pull mask for the face can limit the lower jaw’s growth and let the maxilla catch up.

This treatment option is an alternative for children who have jawbones that are developing.

Tooth Extract

Teeth removal an orthodontic treatment used to treat underbites is typically utilized for children with milk teeth. Extracting teeth allows permanent teeth to grow and prevents overcrowding due to the loss of infants’ teeth later in life. This can cause underbites.

Upper Jaw Expander

If the rate of growth isn’t in line with the jaw bone’s lower part, an expander could help alter its shape and size to guarantee an appropriate alignment.



Surgery is a way to lower the jaw or extend the upper jaw in order to offer the option of treating bites that are not underbites. To do this surgically, the surgeon cuts the jaw, then removes the bone tissue. Then repositions it in order to make sure it’s aligned to the proper position.

There are two types of jaw surgery used to treat underbite issues. Orthognathic surgery is a regular and Le Fort osteotomy. Orthognathic surgery takes place in which an orthodontist takes part of the jaw bone to put it in a proper position.

When you undergo Le Fort III osteotomy, surgeons adjust the cheeks and the orbit. The upper jaw is in order to correct an underbite leading to extreme discomfort.

Are aligners that are clear correct malocclusion?

Yes, clear aligners such as Invisalign that are designed to correct an overbite can aid in correcting malalignment and aid in aligning teeth in a straight manner. But, like any treatment, their effectiveness depends on the severity of the issue. Aligners can help with minor to moderate alignment problems, but they must be worn all day, at most 22 hours every day to get the best results.

Clear aligners work similarly to braces and give dental pressure. They have a few advantages over braces that are more traditional, among these is the capability to take them off when eating and taking care of your teeth. They’re also translucent, so they’re less obvious than traditional braces.

Additionally, aligners have proved to have a lower duration of treatment than traditional braces. One of the most effective options that are available is Byte aligners which could be employed to address small overbites. These aligners are for your home that is top quality and are available and inexpensive and simple to use as you can remove them when you require. Review Byte Aligners Review for more details. Byte Aligners review for more information.

Aligner Co invisible aligners are also a great option that allows you to get back an ideal smile from the privacy of your own home. Look over reviews of AlignerCo review to learn more.


How long will treatment require?

The length of time for orthodontic treatment for overbites and underbites depends on the treatment method used and the severity of the condition but can vary between six and several years.


Treatment for an overbite usually will take between one to six years using braces. If you have surgery, it could be less time. It’s all contingent on the extent of the condition, and an experienced orthodontist will inform you when you are able to end medical treatment.


The length of time needed for the treatment of teeth that are not aligned depends on what is the condition. The type of treatment you decide to use. Your child may have to wear devices, such as the reverse-pull mask that they wear on your face for at minimum a year, and wear braces for at least two years old.

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