How Does Heart Disease Affect Your Body?


What is it?


Heart disease can be caused by anything from clogged arteries and infections to heart failure. This is not one condition. It can also include a variety of conditions that affect your body and heart in different ways. It can cause problems such as strokes and heart attacks, which is why it’s the leading cause of death in the United States. How Does Heart Disease  Affect Your Body?

How Does Heart Disease  Affect Your Body?
How Does Heart Disease Affect Your Body?

The  Working way of the Heart:



There are four chambers in your heart. Two of them are up top called the atria and two below, called ventricles. The left atrium receives oxygen-rich blood from the lungs. It then flows to the left ventricle which pumps it out. The blood returns to the right and right atriums, where it is then sent to the right ventricle. The blood flows through the heart via four valves that act as one-way doors. It goes on and on unless you have heart disease.

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD).


CHD, also known as coronary artery disease (or CHD), is the most common form of heart disease in America. Plaque, which is a waxy substance that builds up in the arteries of your heart, can be a sign of CHD. Although you won’t notice it at first, over time it will cause a blockage in your arteries. This reduces blood flow to the heart muscle.

CHD has a negative impact


Your heart gets less oxygen because of reduced blood flow. This can lead to chest pain called angina. It is especially common when you do heavy lifting or exercise. This can also affect the efficiency of your heart pumping and leave your body with a lack of oxygen. It can cause your cells to stop working as they should and make you feel tired or short of breath. A heart attack is when plaque blocks all arteries.

CHD in Women vs. Men


CHD can impact men and women differently. Men are more susceptible to experiencing severe chest pain. Some women may feel tightness in their chests or pressure, while others might feel uneasy, such as when the food doesn’t come together. They are more likely to feel tired, have shortness of breath, and have nausea. These differences could be due to the fact that women are more likely to have blockages in their smaller arteries.

Heart Valve Disease


Your blood flows through your heart via valves. These flaps are open and close with every heartbeat. This is how you hear the Lub-DUB sound from your heart. There are three types of problems that can affect the heart valves.

  • Atresia is: The valve has no opening, so blood cannot flow.
  • Backflow: This valve allows blood to flow backward instead of forward.
  • Stenosis: When the flaps become thicker or stiffer or join together more blood can pass through.

Heart Valve Disease


How Does Heart Disease  Affect Your Body?
How Does Heart Disease Affect Your Body?

Some people don’t have symptoms for years while others suddenly get them. They can get worse in either case. A murmur is the main sign. This sounds like a whooshing sound or swishing sound that occurs between heartbeats. You may experience blood flow problems and heart problems due to valve problems.

  • Get more sleep than you normally do
  • Breathe deeply and quickly
  • Swelling in your legs, feet, or ankles (if your body isn’t able to get blood back into your heart as it should).



You may have experienced your heartbeat skip or even flutter. The term “arrhythmia” refers to the disturbance of the heart’s rhythm. It’s typically benign. A brief burst of electrical energy will regulate your heartbeat. Small changes within these bursts are usually not an issue. Arrhythmias that are more severe, however, it can make your heart cease working in the way it is supposed to.

The heart is affected when it stops its rhythm, it becomes unbalanced.


You might feel the electrical surges that cause your heartbeat to speed up or even race if they’re actually off-course. This could indicate that your muscles and organs do not receive enough oxygen. You may experience chest pain, lightheadedness perhaps fainting. The heart’s rhythm could become uncontrollable and your heart could cease to pump. Fibrillation can be a serious issue that could lead to death.



This is a set of illnesses that could cause your heart muscle to become more brittle, thicker, or larger than it normally is. The heart could weaken with time. It becomes harder for the heart to pump blood efficiently and keep its regular rhythm. Dilated cardiomyopathy is one of the most frequent and is found on the left ventricle. It gets more severe as the ventricle ceases pumping properly. The blood begins to accumulate inside the heart.

Cardiomyopathy What are the consequences?


If your heart muscle becomes thicker it may decrease blood flow, causing you to run out of oxygen. This could cause fainting, dizziness, or breathlessness. There could also be an alteration in your heart rate that could cause your heart rate to increase and run. There may be swelling around your feet, legs ankles, and even other organs when you’re suffering from a decrease in blood volume.

Heart Infections


Similar to other areas of your body, bacteria like viruses and bacteria may infect your heart. The term “heart disease” refers to a form of a heart condition. Infections can progress slowly or swiftly. While some infections can be treated by themselves, others may be life-threatening if they are not treated.

Heart Disease Symptoms


How Does Heart Disease  Affect Your Body?
How Does Heart Disease Affect Your Body?

They vary based on the site of the inflammation. It is possible to feel chest pain if the problem is located within the sac around your heart. If the valve that replaces your heart is infected, the germs could accumulate and cause issues for the other organs. Certain symptoms could be similar to the ones that are experienced by other diseases. There may be a feeling of an increase in heart rate.

  • Changes in heart rhythm
  • Fever
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Tiredness

Congenital Heart Defects


These are heart problems that you are born with. They influence the circulation of blood through your heart. They are caused by valves, walls, or blood vessels not growing correctly. Certain problems, like an opening within the chamber of your heart, are easily fixed or don’t require treatment. Certain problems, like the absence of a valve or a hole in the cardiac chamber, can be addressed fast. Other conditions may require ongoing care.

  • Physical therapy for orthopedics:
  • This treats musculoskeletal injuries that affect the bones, muscles and ligaments, fascia, and tendons. It is suitable for conditions such as fractures and tendinitis, sprains bursitis, and other chronic health issues, as well as the rehabilitation process or recovery following surgical procedures for orthopedics. Patients can receive treatment using joint mobilizations and manual therapies resistance training, mobility exercises, and various other treatments.
  • Geriatric physical therapy: This can help older adults who develop conditions that affect their mobility and physical function, including arthritis osteoporosis and Alzheimer’s disease hip and joint replacement, balance issues, and incontinence. This kind of treatment is designed to improve mobility, ease pain and boost the physical condition of people.
  • Psychological therapy that is based on neurology: This can help patients suffering from neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and brain injuries cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease spinal cord injury, and stroke. Treatment could aim to increase the responsiveness of the limb, improve movements, control the effects of toneTrusted Source and strength improvement, and improve stability.
  • Rehabilitation for pulmonary and cardiovascular conditions: This can benefit patients affected by certain cardiac conditions as well as surgical procedures. The treatment can improve the endurance of your cardiovascular muscles and endurance.
  • Wound treatment therapy: This will ensure that the wound receives enough blood and oxygen through means of better circulation. Physical therapy can consist of the application of manual therapies such as e-stimulation as well as compression therapy and treatment for wounds.
  • The therapy of the vestibular ear: This aims to address balance issues that could be caused by inner ear problems. Vestibular therapy involves several activities and techniques to aid patients in regaining their equilibrium and coordination.
  • Decongestive treatment: This can help rid the body of fluids for patients suffering from lymphedema as well as other ailments that cause an accumulation of fluid.
  • Rehabilitation of the pelvic floor: This can help alleviate conditions that impact the pelvic floor, for example, urinary or fecal urocontinence or urinary urgency, or pelvic pain that is the result of surgery, injuries, or due to certain conditions.
What’s Pediatric Physical Therapy?

Physical therapy for children is designed to treat, diagnose and manage illnesses that affect children, infants and adolescents. These conditions could include:

  • developmental delays
  • cerebral palsy
  • spina bifida
  • torticollis
  • Other conditions affect the muscles and skeletal system.

Physical therapists for children work to increase mobility, ease pain, restore or develop function, and reduce permanent physical impairments.

They collaborate closely with children, their caregivers, and families to help children develop the ability to perform independently and participate both at home and in school.

Locating a PT

The search for a good physical therapist is many aspects, such as insurance acceptance, specialization, and reasons for treatment, as well as geographical location.

Insurance companies usually offer listings of physical therapy centers that are members of certain health plans. Other healthcare professionals might possess a directory of physical therapists within the region they would recommend.

Another method to locate physical therapists is to go online and go to the APTA Locate a physical therapist online tool.

Learning to become a physical therapy

To be able to work in the field of physical therapy within the United States, they need to obtain a doctorate in physical therapy as well as pass a state-approved licensure test.

Physical therapists research areas that consist of:

  • Biology
  • anatomy
  • cellular histology
  • biology
  • exercise physiology
  • biomechanics
  • Kinesiology
  • neuroscience
  • Pharmacology
  • pathology
  • behavioral sciences
  • cardiovascular studies
  • metabolic, endocrine, and pulmonary studies, as well as musculoskeletal and endocrine

Physical therapists may specialize in areas such as:

  • Pulmonary and cardiovascular health
  • Clinical electrophysiology
  • health and wellness for older adults
  • pediatrics, orthotics, neurology as well as sports physical therapy


Physical therapy can be extremely beneficial to those suffering from certain injuries or disabilities or health issues.

For more information about the benefits of physical therapy, you should talk to a physical therapist or another medical professional.

Physical therapy as opposed to. Physical therapy

It is common for people to confuse occupational therapy with physical therapy due to the fact that professionals in both fields are working with the same groups of patients and provide support in a practical manner. However, these kinds of therapies are distinct.

Occupational therapy is focused on enhancing the abilities of individuals to complete the tasks they must perform every day. Physical therapy differs from other therapies in that it is focused on helping people to improve their mobility.

Physical therapists (PTs) can be described as experts in the movement who enhance the living conditions for those who suffer from specific dysfunctions in their movement. They accomplish this by:

  • prescribing exercises specific to the exercise
  • Hands-on assistance is provided.
  • The ear, nose, and throat doctor: How Does Heart Disease Affect Your Body?
When to See an Ear, Nose, and Throat Specialist

Otolaryngology refers to the medical discipline that focuses on issues and disorders in the ear, nasal as well as throat (ENT) region and related regions of the neck and head. If you are experiencing a problem that has to do with your nose, ear, or throat area, then you could need to consult an ENT specialist. This specialist is also known as an ear nose, and throat physician or an Otolaryngologist.

What Does an ENT Specialist Do?

Apart from having completed medical school (usually 4 years) an ENT specialist who is board certified ENT specialist has completed at minimum five years of training in a specialty and passed a certification test to be a member of the American Board Otolaryngology. Specialists in ENT are highly skilled in both surgical and medical treatment of the following conditions:

The condition of the ears. You may need to visit an ear, nose, and throat physician in the event of an ear problem or condition that affects your hearing, for example, difficulty, ear infections, disorders that affect balance or balance, tinnitus ( ringing in the ears), or ear pain. ENT doctors can also treat congenital problems of the ear (disorders that you are birthed with).

Nasal conditions. ENT specialists often deal with and treat issues that impact the nasal cavity, nose, and sinuses. These issues can impact breathing, smell, as well as physical appearance.

conditions of the throat. Disorders and conditions that affect the throat could impact singing, speech eating, swallowing, and digestion. ENT specialists identify, treat the symptoms, and treat them.

ENT-related disorders of the neck and head.

ENT specialists are educated to treat injuries, diseases, tumors, and other deformities of the neck, head, and facial features. ENT specialists are able to operate cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries in these regions. They also can treat issues with nerves in the neck and head that regulate smell, sight, and hearing as well as facial movements.

A lot of ENT specialists have had to complete an extra one or two years of intensive education in the subspecialties of otolaryngology

Pediatric Otolaryngology (specializing in ENT issues for children)

Otology/neurotology/audiology (specializing in ears, balance, and tinnitus)


Reconstructive and cosmetic facial surgery

Surgery for the neck and head (specializing in head and neck tumors) neck)

The field of Laryngology (specializing in the voice, throat, and swallowing)

Rhinology (specializing in the sinus and nose)

Certain otolaryngologists have sub-certifications for sleeping medicine.

Who Needs to See an ENT Specialist?

Some of the conditions typically addressed by an ear, throat, and nose doctor include:

Abrasions to your nose, ears, or throat

Problems with your ears nose, throat, or ear

Balance issues


Hearing impairment

Otitis otolaryngologica

Tonsil or adenoid inflammation

Swimmer’s ear

A ringing in your ears either through your nose or throat.


Nose, ear, or throat birth defects

Trouble breathing

Down’s syndrome



Sinus problem

Tumors or growths in your nose, ears, or the throat

The septum has deviated

Unwanted appearance of the face or nose

Cleft palate

Drooping eyelids

Hair loss

Nose bleeds

Nasal congestion

Probleme with smell

Trouble swallowing or speaking

A sore throat


Gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD)

If you’re suffering from one of these issues or another issue that affects the ear throat, nose, or another related area, consult your primary physician whether they know of an ENT specialist who might be in a position to assist you.

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